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Cisco CCNA Tutorial: Configure Static Route on Cisco Routers

Static routing is a method of entering routes into the device’s routing table stored in a configuration file manually which is loaded when the Cisco router starts up. These routes can be configured manually by network administrators.

There are some things that need to be considered when using a static routing

  • Static routing is commonly known as the simplest form of routing, however this can only be done manually
  • Since routing is static, changes must be made manually
  • Use static routing when having few routers to configure
  • Use static routing when routes does not constantly change
  • In the event of failure in the external networks, manual configuration must be made to repair any lost connectivity

CCNA Video Tutorial: Static Routing Configuration Using Packet Tracer

 

Steps to configure static routing on Cisco routers

There are two (2) cisco routers in the network diagram and each of which must be configured properly in order for packets to travel and pass across a different network

Static Routing with two Cisco Routers

R1 Cisco Router Static Routing Configuration Steps

 

Step 1: Specify Cisco routers Lan interface

Every lan interface of a router can be a gateway of the network. It is important to specify the router’s interface IP address. In this problem, we will be using ip address: 192.168.0.1 and subnet: 255.255.255.0 for Fa0/0 and ip address: 150.72.21.1 subnet: 255.255.0.0 for Fa1/0. To configure the router’s Lan Interface see manually assign ip address to routers lan interface

 

Step 2: Identify the networks of the neighbouring Cisco routers

Every network (except those networks that considered to be directly connected to the router’s interface) must be identified and should be added as a static route to the current configured router. In this example, network 150.72.21.0 and 192.168.0.0 must be excluded from adding to route because both are directly connected to R1’s interface. Whereas network 10.0.0.0 must be added for it is connected to another router which is not directly connected to R1’s LAN interface.

 

Step 3: Specify and add as static route to the Router’s routing table

As soon as you have identified the entire necessary route, you can already add it route information to the router’s table. You can do this using the command ip route <network> <subnet> <next hop>. In this example, we used the command ip route 10.0.0.0 255.0.0.0 150.72.21.2 where 150.72.21.2 is the ip address of the interface  and is considered the next hop address of the packet coming from R1.

 

Step 4: Check the ip routing table

Before saving the running configuration, check the current ip routing table by issuing the command show ip route. It will summarize the routers ip routing table and classified according to C – directly connected and S – static route. The S is the newly added route with 10.0.0.0/8 via 150.72.21.2.

 

Step 5: Save your settings

Issue the command copy source destination , in this example, use copy run start to copy the running configuration to the startup configuration.

 

R2 Cisco Router Static Routing Configuration Steps

Follow step 1 to 5 of R1 Cisco Router Static Routing Configuration Steps, however, the interface Fa1/0 is configured to 150.72.21.2 subnet: 255.255.0.0 and Fa0/0 with an IP address of 10.0.0.1 subnet: 255.0.0.0.

Add the static route to the routers routing table thru ip route 192.168.0.0 255.255.255.0 150.72.21.1. Copy the current running configuration to the startup configuration

Note: routers refresh requires some time. you might encounter some failed attempts for a couple or more upon issuing ICMP from adjacent network. Try until all routers are completely refreshed.

Download Static Routing CCNA Tutorial Packet Tracer Practice Exam

 

Command Summary: Configure Static Routing in Cisco Router

 

Configuration for R1

Router> en

Router# conf t

Router(config)# hostname R1

R1(config)# ip route 10.0.0.0 255.0.0.0 150.72.21.2

R1(config)# end

R1# show ip route

R1# copy run start

Configuration for R2

Router> en

Router# conf t

Router(config)# hostname R2

R2(config)# ip route 192.168.0.0 255.255.255.0 150.72.21.1

R2(config)# end

R2# show ip route

R2# copy run start

12 Responses to “Cisco CCNA Tutorial: Configure Static Route on Cisco Routers”

  1. COCXEL says:

    Greet work I will try it on Packet tracer now

  2. bradix says:

    Thank you. ill try this

  3. visna says:

    I want to get code network.

  4. nana says:

    what the paket tracer version ?

  5. Ahmed says:

    Thank you very much sir for your explanation,

    static route was a huge challenge to configure it right, but you make this one very easy !

    Thanks again ^_^

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